For their part, consumers and employees are more eager than ever to help. Stressed social-distancing consumers are staying home and are much more responsive to researchers. A recent SurveyMonkey panel study found that 86 percent of employed Americans felt it was appropriate for their employer to send them surveys during the pandemic, and 27 percent felt that their employer should be surveying them more. Response rates, even for phone surveys, have jumped. People want to talk.
But, as one CNN report put it “…increased response rates and a salient topic doesn't always mean easy going for the pollsters. Media attention spikes around coverage of emerging infectious diseases and pollsters are feeling the heat of a busy news cycle.”
That chaos isn’t likely to end soon and research data will remain critical. As of early April, the Pew Research Center found that 39 percent of Americans believed economic problems will last more than a year and 32 percent believed that the downturn will last between six and 12 months. Only 28 percent were expecting a quick, “V” shaped, recovery.
Overall, the pandemic has forced the research industry to adjust in three ways:
1. Handling the surge: The industry has had to creatively adapt to the wave of demand for emergency research among impacted B2C companies. This has resulted in long days and nights for many research teams, as well as shorter surveys and more conversation analytics work.
2. Faster, shorter, directional: In order to handle the crush of emergency research, the industry has flexed toward a model that looks more like political polling, with an emphasis on the speed of data collection, analysis and directional strategic guidance. This has meant a shift away from longer time horizons, and a focus on quick snapshots to guide emergency decision making, most notably on health and safety issues.
3. Shift to online focus groups: Consumer focus groups are a research power tool. Research firms around the world have had to scramble to transition from in-person to online methodologies in only a few short weeks.
Opinion research should be used to help business leaders make decisions within three time horizons. First, maintaining current, safe operations. Second, reopening or ramping up operations after government approval. And third, a post-pandemic strategy in a new environment with new consumer behaviors.
Within each timeline, business leaders should be asking important questions:
Safe operations now
- How comfortable are consumers and employees with the safety measures we have established?
- How can we lead our industry on health and safety during the pandemic?
- What measures would give us a relative advantage?
Re-opening the economy
- What steps must we take to build consumer confidence as the economy reopens?
- Which consumer segments are most likely to return quickly?
- Which segments will need more confidence-building measures?
- How are consumer attitudes and behaviors changing as a result of the pandemic?
- Which attitudes and behaviors will become a permanent feature of the post-pandemic business environment?
Ernst & Young research notes four segments of the pandemic population, defined by their consumer styles. Those who: