Fifteen years after the death of Peter Parker, his influence as a parent and mentor endures. An accomplished actor whose two youngest sons have forged important careers on stage and in film, he was an early student of management, and a famously successful practitioner of it who shared that passion and insight with his oldest son, Alan, and his daughter Lucy.
During the years that Peter Parker ran British Rail – transforming it into a service that was both reliable and financially stable, and in the process becoming a hero to both liberals and conservatives in Britain – Alan skipped college, worked on an oil rig and managed rock and roll bands. Alan says his father encouraged all of that, then helped him land a job in communications when the younger Parker was ready to launch a serious career.
In the early 1980s, Alan took a job at Broad Street, a communications firm specializing in companies involved in mergers and acquisitions. Broad Street faced minimal competition and intense demand for its services. The British economy, after years of stagnation, had caught fire, fueled in part by the privatization of state-owned firms such as British Airways. As Broad Street landed client after client, Parker emerged as a star. A raconteur as popular among chief executives as among Fleet Street journalists, he had a way of intuiting every party’s needs, and an extraordinary capacity for awe. Smart executives impressed him. So did good journalism. On all sides, he developed a reputation for honest dealing and hard work. Taking calls at all hours, he lugged everywhere with him a concrete-block-sized device most people didn’t know existed: a mobile phone.
As a top performer at Broad Street, Parker had his own team there, including an administrative assistant named Dawn Walker. As she recalls, his larger ambition was no secret to his team. “Alan often spoke about setting up his own business at some point with ‘when we go’ featuring fairly regularly, although I’m not sure if he ever asked if I did actually want to go with him!” Walker recalls.
The team members themselves weren’t certain Parker was really serious until everyone returned from the holidays that ushered in 1987. “It was clear that Alan had done a lot of thinking over Christmas,” says Andrew Fenwick, who had joined Broad Street the summer before. An “absolute indicator” to Fenwick that Parker had big plans in the works: “He had a new briefcase.”
Sure enough, Parker asked Walker and Fenwick to join him at a new firm. Walker didn’t hesitate. Fenwick needed a bit of persuading.
An accountant formerly with Deloitte, Fenwick was cautious both by training and nature. Yet there was a limit to how much he had to lose. The 26-year-old’s family, for four generations, had owned and run one of Great Britain’s premier department-store chains, Fenwicks. The Newcastle-based retailer’s Bond Street store was a fashion icon in London. Even if Parker’s new company succeeded, Fenwick figured he would leave eventually to join his family’s business. So he said yes.
Crucial to Parker’s plan was Louise Charlton. For most of his time at Broad Street, she had been a member of his team, and was now embedded in the offices of a client, British Airways. BA wanted Charlton’s full-time services during its privatization process – no surprise to those who worked with her. Smart, thoughtful and hard-working – growing up in Yorkshire, she had toiled in her mother’s catering and restaurant business – she radiated charm. Any number of employers had tried hiring her away from Broad Street, but when presented with Parker’s offer she didn’t hesitate. She liked and trusted Parker and Fenwick. As a 26-year-old career woman in an era when many employers made few allowances for motherhood, moreover, she says she felt implicitly that her future plans to raise children wouldn’t harm her prospects with Parker and Fenwick. “Family is very important to them,” she says.
Underscoring the risk for everyone involved was that Parker, 29, did not come from money. His father had earned no fortune running the government-owned railroad and his mother was a physician. If the family had had riches, Alan’s two younger brothers – aspiring actors both – wouldn’t still, in their twenties, have been living at home.
Yet it is proof of Charlton’s observation about family as a Parker priority that the new company set up shop in the kitchen of Alan’s parents. On that first morning, Feb. 23, 1987, laughter broke out over the limitations of a single phone line, recalls Walker. “I was told that I had to be first to answer the phone with the Brunswick greeting,” Walker said. “This was not easy on the basis that Alan’s mother, a general practitioner, and two brothers, both actors at the time, were all living in the apartment and waiting for the phone to ring.” Back then, it could take weeks for the phone company to install a second line. But as a physician needing emergency access to her patients, Alan’s mother, Gill, managed to get that process expedited.
It also said something about the closeness of the Parker family that when the founders that first morning pondered potential names for their company, they chose to name it after Brunswick Gardens, the Kensington street where Peter and Gill had raised their four children. “Brunswick sounded strong and established – like something that we could grow,” says Charlton.
Of course, they also needed clients. Earlier, when they’d informed Broad Street of their intentions to leave, the company had called them into a meeting with its lawyers. “They produced six pages of clients’ names that they said we couldn’t touch,” recalls Charlton. “Alan just said, ‘That’s ridiculous.’ And we walked out before we had even sat down!”
“Alan, Andrew and Louise were escorted from Broad Street’s building,” recalls Walker.
In launching his own firm years earlier, Broad Street founder Brian Basham, a legend in British communications, had taken along a few clients. And now Parker, Fenwick and Charlton did the same. Brunswick’s original three clients were the food companies United Biscuits and Albert Fisher, and the dry cleaner Sketchleys.
Speaking of United Biscuit and its Chief Executive Hector Laing, Fenwick recalls, “It was quite a shock that a FTSE company would go with a startup, but Hector had a good relationship with Al.”
Before finding some modest office space, the Brunswick foursome operated out of the Parker household for six weeks. “Although I was essentially the dogsbody, everybody appeared equal, we all mucked in,” recalls Walker. “We all laughed quite a bit as we wondered what we’d done, but I certainly didn’t think failure was an option.”