Methods beyond traditional speed reading?
As a child I bought a couple of books on speed reading and taught myself basic techniques like using your finger on the page, only reading the middle part of each line, because the brain can actually fill in the left and the right. Now I definitely look at reading differently. I don’t see it in such a linear way as I used to. I occasionally go through the data science work that we do and get a glimpse of methods that I think will eventually become a lot more popular. Like seeing patterns across entities. And extracting events across large corpuses of information. Seeing explicit and implicit connections between things. And being able to track and discern concepts that are related across the corpus.
In all these things, machines have a bit of an edge. And there are certain things they can do instantly that would take us many hours. I can see it moving toward a computer-and-human hybrid, where we put the best of those two together. There are certainly things the human brain can do that computing is very, very far away from, and may never catch up. And so how do we lean on the best of both?
What was your vision for Quid?
When Quid got started, I didn’t know if it should be a consumer product, or B2B. Then three large companies approached me in the first six months or so, laid their problems on the table, and said, “Look, we don’t feel we have a good solution to these problems.” For Quid, taking on those problems was a massive step in product development because we could see these were problems other companies were probably struggling with, so we focused on honing our platform and data to answer those questions.
We figured out the 10 or so most important questions that companies and governments have. They’re mostly questions that any large organization would have. What are our competitors doing?
That is a question that even governments are asking: What are other players like me doing? It’s hard to answer, and it’s a question you have to keep asking, because if you answer it in February, there’s new stuff happening with your competitors in March – and there are new competitors.
It used to be that a large company could know who its competitors are, the two or three that matter. But technology has disrupted that. Quid is used by various players in the automotive industry, where there are now potentially 500 players that the traditional industry needs to monitor.
Have there been results that surprised you?
Oh, hundreds of cases over the years. And I’m sure thousands more that we don’t ever hear about, because the software is deployed with the clients. I’m trying to think of one I can discuss, because obviously we’re under an NDA with our clients.
There’s an analysis we did for the UN a few years ago. The UN wanted to know why people in certain countries either weren’t adopting or had stopped adopting vaccines. Why weren’t people in Pakistan, Kenya and a few other countries adopting them, even though the vaccines were available? It was a shift, this problem had just started. And it was causing a potentially huge world health problem.
Now, the traditional research method would have had you get on the ground and run surveys on a large scale with people, trying to understand their attitudes and ideas around vaccines. And you’d be looking at three to six months in order to get those insights back, at the potential cost of a lot of lives.
What the UN did was, it ran the news, it ran social media coverage, through Quid, and when we looked at all the discussion around vaccines we found that people had developed a skepticism about vaccines because of the outbreak of Ebola, for which there was no vaccine. It was very surprising.
Using Quid, it took basically three days to figure this out. And then the UN was able to act on this information. I don’t know if that connection between Ebola and vaccine skepticism would ever have been found through surveys.
For clients in financial situations, how can text analytics feed into investment decisions?
We have the world’s largest dataset of venture-funded companies, with global coverage for both private and public companies, including financial information and rich written descriptions. You can search Quid using the precise language you want to find those companies, you’re not restricted to categories, you can search any words, and we’ll find the companies who are the most relevant strategic partners, acquisition targets, competitors, etc. And then we overlay the financial flows – so you can see the capital flows in the different spaces. That’s a very powerful combination. So that continues to be one of our most popular use cases. And it’s used heavily in corporate strategy and for monitoring the many competitors companies face these days.
Can Quid be part of the solution to the problem of fake news?
Absolutely. We recently partnered with The Wall Street Journal on an investigation that found thousands of fake comments on the Federal Communications Commission website.
And Quid is a solution to the overabundance of news. Twenty years ago, pre-web, you could get up in the morning and read a newspaper over breakfast and get an overview of everything that’s happening in the world. And for the most part everyone read the same newspapers, so you could have a meaningful exchange with your colleagues that day about what happened. Today, if you wanted to read everything that’s published in one day, it would take over 90 years of continuous reading. That’s just in English.
Are you an outlier as a Silicon Valley executive who studied literature, the liberal arts?
Two entrepreneurs that I admire are Reid Hoffman, the founder of LinkedIn, and Stewart Butterfield, the founder of Flickr and Slack. Reid studied philosophy at Oxford and Stewart studied philosophy at Cambridge; they’re both students of literature.
I was on a panel with Reid once where we were talking to students, and I asked him a question about his study of philosophy, and he said that the analytic methods he learned in studying philosophical arguments were a great training ground for starting and running a business, for the real-world application of logic, and for breaking down arguments into their distinct parts.
Where do you stand in the debate about whether liberal arts degrees are worthless next to the sciences or computer programming?
Computer science degrees are very important. They have a role. But there’s so much you can learn in your free time and, in fact, most programmers are people who learned it as a hobby. I taught myself to program when I was about 8, when I started programming video games.
It’s not so much a question of do you get this degree or that degree. A degree ought to be one percent of everything you learn.
That traditional model of training, learning, working and then retiring won’t be relevant any more. One reason is that we’re going to live way longer. We now have 60-year careers. If you graduate at 21 or 25 as an accountant or a lawyer, those skills are probably not going to hold you for 60 years. In that span, entire professions will cease to exist. How do we set up our careers – how do we set up our companies – to be based on continuous training?
When it comes to innovation, it helps to have a wider combination of interests, knowledge and experiences than other people looking at the same problem. If everyone at the table trying to solve a problem has the same background, education and experience, then you’re going to get a lot of the same answers. If you want a competitive edge, a vast array of knowledge, interests and experience positions you to see a solution that isn’t obvious to everyone else.
How does one develop a wide range of expertise and experience?
When someone, especially an adult, gets intrigued by something, it’s easy to say, “Well, why would I learn that? It doesn’t fit with my career.” I’d recommend taking away that filter. When I was a teenager I developed this habit that I still have of going really deep into topics that interest me without asking myself why. Last year, I started training wild birds. I have no idea why.
Bob Goodson is Co-Founder and CEO of Quid, an AI company that uses a search engine to analyze and visualize the world's written content. Goodson was the first employee at Yelp. He has a Master of Philosophy degree in Medieval English Literature from the University of Oxford.
Antonio Ortolani is a Director specializing in global media analytics and measurement. He's based in New York.